Cambodian architecture has become synonymous with Khmer architecture and more precisely to the iconic constructions of Angkor temples during the growth and peak of Khmer Empire. There are over a hundred major architectural sites to be visited in and around Siem Reap – the religious remains of a series of cities built by a succession of Khmer kings from the 7th to the 13th centuries.
Angkor architects and sculptors, in order to guarantee order and accord in the universe, created stone temples according to Hinduism and Buddhism.
They followed the guiding principles that dictated having a central shrine, courtyard, enclosing wall and a moat in a basic temple layout. There are over 40 of these structures still erect in the Angkor region of Cambodia, as well as some stone bridges and reservoirs that were built in the Angkor period that are still in use.
The Angkor Wat, along with the Angkor Thom structures are some of the best examples of Angkorian architecture.
Many of Cambodia’s public buildings are decorated in the style of the Khmer and use the garuda motif (a mythological symbolic bird in the Hindu religion), an example of this is the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh.